During live export, frightened animals are forced onto crowded lorries or ships and transported for days or even weeks to foreign abattoirs.
When they reach these facilities, they're often killed in gruesome ways that would be illegal in their home country.
In 2019, over 200,000 cows were forced to make the long, harrowing journey from Ireland to continental Europe, sometimes in temperatures of up to 41.5 degrees. Close to 8,000 more were sent on even longer, tortuous journeys to destinations with vastly different or non-existent animal welfare laws, including Kazakhstan, Libya, and Turkey. This figure has increased by over 50% in 2020.